|Population growth rate
||20.00 births per 1,000 residents
|65 years and above
||0.94 M / F
||144.62 residents per km²
|(Z 2010) Praia (Santiago) 127,832, Mindelo (São
Vicente) 70,468, Santa Maria (Sal) 23,839
|71% African-European, 28% African descent; approx.
700,000 abroad, mainly in the USA, Portugal, the Netherlands
|Catholics (Roman Catholic) (mixed with indigenous
religions); Protestants (mainly Church of the Nazarene)
|Human Development Index (HDI)
People in Cape Verde
The Cape Verde Islands were uninhabited until they
were discovered by the Portuguese in the 15th century.
The Portuguese and other Europeans settled on the
islands. It became a hub for slaves. The people from
Europe and Africa mingled. Their descendants are called
Creoles. The cultures also mingled into a new, Creole
culture. They also have in common that they speak a
Because of the poverty in the country and recurring
famine, many Cape Verde residents emigrated. It is
estimated that 700,000 Cape Verdeans live abroad - more
than on the islands themselves.
Cape Verdeans? Yes, that's what the residents of
Cape Verde are mostly called in German. However, there
are also the names Cape Verde and Cape Verdier or Cape
Verdier. The Duden recommends Cape Verdeans.
Children in Cape Verde
Every woman in Cape Verde has an average of 2.2
children. That is far less than in other West African
countries. Infant mortality is 1.2 percent and child
mortality 1.7 percent. These numbers are also much lower
than in the rest of West Africa.
Urban and countryside
66 out of 100 people in Cape Verde live in the city.
As everywhere in Africa, young people in particular are
drawn to the cities. They hope that they will find work
there and that their chances of an education are better
Languages in Cape Verde
The official language in Cape Verde is still
Portuguese. The islands were a Portuguese colony until
1975. However, one Creole language is spoken in Cape
Verde, Cape Verde Creole.
It originated from Portuguese and the African
languages of the slaves. However, the Creole of the
northern archipelago is very different from the Creole
of the southern islands. There are even differences from
island to island. However, the residents can communicate
with each other, the differences are minor.
Here are a few examples: If you want to ask "What's
your name" in San Vicente, do you say: Qu 'manêra qu' ê
bô nôm '? Pronounced it sounds like this: kmanera ke bo
nom? In Portuguese it would be:Como e teu nome? "We're
going to the sea" means in Cape Verdean Creole: Nô tâ bá
'pâ már. The Portuguese would say: Nós vamos para o
mar. You see, it's similar, but different.
Religions in Cape Verde
The residents of Cape Verde are predominantly
Christians. Eighty percent belong to the Catholic
Church, ten percent are Protestants, about half of which
belong to the Nazarene Free Church.
The remaining ten
percent is distributed among other churches such as the
Anglican Church or religious communities such as
Jehovah's Witnesses or the Mormons (Church of Jesus
Christ of Latter-day Saints).