|Population growth rate
||41.20 births per 1,000 population
|65 years and above
||0.99 M / F
||75.99 residents per km²
|(Z 2006) Ouagadougou 1,475,223, Bobo-Dioulasso
489,967, Koudougou 88,184, Banfora 75,917, Ouahigouya 73,153, Pouytenga
60,618, Kaya 54,365, Tenkodogo 44,491, Fada N'Gourma 41,785, Houndé
|approx. 60 ethnic groups: Volta peoples (including 48%
Mossi), Mande groups (17% Bobo; Sanike, Diula, etc.); 10% Fulbe, 7%
Dagara u. Lobi, 5% Gourmantché (Gur)
|Indigenous religions 40%, Muslims 50%, Christians
(mainly Catholics (Roman Catholic)) 10%
|Human Development Index (HDI)
People in Burkina Faso
The residents of Burkina Faso are called either
Burkiner or Burkinabé. Burkinabé emphasizes the last
As in all of Africa, many peoples live together in
one country in Burkina Faso. In Burkina Faso, 40 percent
of the population belong to the Mossi. The country's
senior politicians are mostly Mossi. Your residential
area is in the middle of the country, where the capital
Ouagadougou is located.
The Bobo (14 percent) and the Senufo (9 percent) live
in the southwest of Burkina Faso. Lobi make up 6
percent of the population.
The Gulmancema (8 percent), who are closely related
to the Mossi, live in the southeast. The Fulbe (also
called Peul, 5 percent) live in the northeast. The
Tuareg (5 percent) also live in the north. Some of the
Fulbe and Tuareg still live as nomads.
Children in Burkina Faso
Every woman in Burkina Faso has an average of 5.2
children. This is very much. With us, each woman has an
average of only 1.4 children. Children and young people
in Burkina Faso make up more than half of the
Infant mortality is 2.5 percent, child mortality 4.9
percent (as of 2018, ours: 0.2 and 0.3 percent). That
means: a little less than three out of 100 newborn
children die, almost five out of 100 do not celebrate
their first birthday. The numbers have fallen in recent
years, but are still too high.
Urban and countryside
More and more people are moving to the cities. This
is a typical phenomenon in West Africa (for example also
in the Ivory Coast). This is called rural exodus. The
more people come to cities, the more housing and jobs
are missing. In Burkina Faso, 30 percent of the people
live in cities. In comparison with other countries, this
is still little, but the number is increasing from year
to year. Many young people are drawn to Ougadougou and
Bobo-Dioulasso. They hope that they will find work and
better living conditions there.
Languages in Burkina Faso
The official language in Burkina Faso is French. This
is a legacy from colonial times. It is actually only
spoken by a few people. But it is used in writing. And
because it is also taught in school, more and more
people are now learning French.
Mòoré, the language of the Mossi, is spoken more
often. Especially in the west and south of the country
one speaks Dioula. It is used here as a lingua franca
and business language. Fulfulde is the language of the
Fulbe, it is spoken more in the north. Arabic and the
Turaeg language Tamascheq can also be heard there.
Would you like to learn a little Mòoré? Good morning
is called Ney yibeogo. Yehla means welcome. This is how
you are greeted when you walk into a room. Nuogomeans
okay, nyee is yes and ayo is no. Barka means thank you.
Religions in Burkina Faso
15.3 percent of Burkinabe believe in the old natural
religions. This means that the proportion is higher than
in other West African countries. It is believed that
this is due to the fact that the Mossi have long
resisted Islamization, i.e. refused to accept Islam.
Today 60.5 percent of Burkinabe are Muslim. 23.2
percent are Christians, mostly Catholics (19 percent).