|Population growth rate
||14.10 births per 1,000 population
|65 years and above
||0.98 M / F
||24.86 residents per km²
|(F 2015) São Paulo 11,860,240 (A 21 million), Rio
de Janeiro 6,476,630 (A 12 million), Salvador 2,920,290, Brasília
2,815,090, Fortaleza 2,591,190, Belo Horizonte 2,502. 560, Manaus
2,047,280, Curitiba 1,879,360, Recife 1,617,180, Pôrto Alegre 1,476,870,
Belém 1,427,240, Goiânia 1,425,290, Guarulhos 1,324,780, Campinas
1,144,080, São Gonçalo 1,037,320, São Luís 1.014.300, Maceió 1.013.100,
Duque de Caxias 879.720, Natal 869.950, Campo Grande 842.170, São
Bernardo do Campo 803.260, Nova Iguaçu 798.680, Teresina 795.850, João
Pessoa 788.450, Santo André 710.210, Osasco São dos Campos 694.840,
|50% European, 43% African-European, 6% African descent,
0.4% indigenous people (around 300 ethnic groups)
|Catholics (Roman Catholic) 80%
|Human Development Index (HDI)
People in Brazil
Around 210 million people live in Brazil. Brazil has
the fifth largest population of all countries in the
world. Many Brazilians are descendants of people who
came here from Europe, initially mainly from Portugal,
but later also from Italy, Germany, Spain, Ukraine or
8 percent are black. They are descendants of slaves
who were brought from Africa until 1888. These
Afro-Brazilians mainly live in the northeast of the
country. One percent are of Asian origin. Their
ancestors came to Brazil in the 19th century mainly from
Japan, Korea, Lebanon and Syria.
87 percent of Brazilians live in cities. The cities
are growing fast. Poor settlements are forming in the
outskirts, initially without electricity or water pipes.
The people live in huts and tin houses they have built
themselves. These settlements are called favelas in
The vast majority of Brazilians live in the east and
south of the country. Most of the cities are also
located there. In contrast, hardly any people live in
Before the Europeans came, the Indians lived in
Brazil. This original population now only includes 0.1
to 0.2 percent. Most live on reservations in the Amazon.
The rainforest, however, is threatened by deforestation
and companies that look for mineral resources here are
destroying the environment, which is the basis of life
for the Indians. Many indigenous people are also
displaced by the state-planned resettlement of the many
landless farm workers. That is why they often move to
the cities, where their culture is increasingly lost.
In total there are more than 200 Indian groups in
Brazil! The largest indigenous people in Brazil are the
Guaraní, who also live in Paraguay, Argentina, Uruguay
and Bolivia. In Brazil they live in the south and
south-west. Other larger groups are, for example, the
Kaingang, the Ticuna or the Terena.
But there are also indigenous peoples who completely
avoid contact with the rest of the world. At least 40,
probably more than 70, such "isolated peoples" still
exist in Brazil. Some groups consist of only 50 people,
others from 50 to a maximum of around 400 people.
The isolated peoples live in remote areas. In this
way they protect themselves against diseases such as flu
or measles, against which they have no defenses and from
which many of them can quickly die. In addition, they
can also preserve their old traditions.
- Children: Every woman in Brazil has an
average of almost two children, mathematically 1.8.
With us, every woman has an average of 1.4 children.
Until the 1960s, the population of Brazil grew very
rapidly. This has now turned around and the
population is getting older.
- Urban and rural areas: 85 percent of
Brazilians live in cities, 15 percent in rural
Languages in Brazil
Portuguese is spoken in Brazil. This is because
Brazil was a Portuguese colony for a long time. Brazil
is the only country in South America where Portuguese is
the official language. It is also the largest among the
Portuguese-speaking countries and the one with the most
Almost all Brazilians (97 percent) speak Portuguese
as their mother tongue. However, a total of 188
languages are spoken in Brazil! German, Italian and
Korean are still spoken as the mother tongue of original
Brazilian Portuguese is somewhat different from the
Portuguese spoken in Portugal. The pronunciation, the
spelling, the grammar and also the vocabulary show
The indigenous peoples partly keep their languages.
These include the languages of the Guaraní, Maku, and
Tupi languages. They are particularly preserved in the
Amazon region, where the influence of Europeans has
always been minimal.
In the border area between Brazil and the neighboring
Spanish-speaking countries, a kind of mixed language
between Spanish and Portuguese is spoken: Portuñol.
Since the vocabulary of both languages is 90 percent
the same, you can understand Portuñol if you have one of
the two languages as your mother tongue. There are no
hard and fast rules in Portuñol. You just try to imitate
the way the other language is spoken as well as
Religions in Brazil
65 percent of Brazilians are Catholics, 22 percent
are Protestants. The majority therefore belong to a