|Population growth rate
||9.50 births per 1,000 residents
|Overall life expectancy
|Men life expectancy
|Women life expectancy
|65 years and above
||0.95 M / F
||105.63 residents per km²
|Vienna 1,840,226, Graz 280,258, Linz
200,839, Salzburg 150,938, Innsbruck 131,009, Klagenfurt 99,125, Villach
61,218, Wels 60,399, St. Pölten 53,478, Dornbirn 48,121, Wiener Neustadt
43,833, Steyr 38,347, Feldkirch 32,534, Bregenz 29.153, Leonding 27.393,
Klosterneuburg 26.738, Baden 25.698, Leoben 25.350, Wolfsberg 25.051,
Krems an der Donau 24.344, Traun 24.058, Amstetten 23.513, Kapfenberg
23.067, Lustenau 22.219, Hallein 20.768, Mödling 20.739, Schweiskirchen
18.774, Traunstein 18.774, Traunstein 18.774, Braunau am Inn 16.717,
Stockerau 16.447, Saalfelden am Steinernen Meer 16.400, Ansfelden
16.043, Tulln an der Donau 16.038, Hohenems 15.932, Bruck an der Mur
15.891, Spittal an der Drau 15.505, Telfs 15.358
|German-Austrians, others (Croats, Slovenes, Hungarians;
Czechs, Slovaks, Roma); Proportion of foreigners in 2016: 14.6%
|Catholics (Roman Catholic) 73.6%, Protestants 4.7%,
Muslims 4.2% others 17%
|Human Development Index (HDI)
People in Austria
8.8 million people live in Austria. 91 percent of
them are Austrians. 5.1 percent of the population came
to Austria mainly as a result of the war in Yugoslavia
and are therefore Croats, Slovenes, Serbs and Bosnians.
Croats live mainly in Burgenland, Slovenes mainly in
Carinthia and Styria.
2.5 percent of the population are Germans. 2.2
percent are of Turkish descent. In the 1960s, they were
specifically recruited to work in Austria.
Every woman in Austria has an average of 1.5
children. The population has been growing for years
despite the low birth rate, which is due to the fact
that more people are immigrating to the country. The
average age is 44.5 years. Life expectancy is 84.7 years
for women and 79.2 years for men.
58 out of 100 Austrians live in the city. That is
rather little - in Germany it is 77 out of 100
residents. The largest city in Austria is by far the
capital Vienna, where 1.8 million people live. This is
followed by Graz (286,000), Linz (204,000), Salzburg
(153,000), Innsbruck (132,000) and Klagenfurt with
The population density is 105 residents per square
kilometer. In Vienna, however, it is significantly
higher. It is expected that more than two million people
will be living in the city by 2029.
Languages in Austria
The official language in Austria is German. Austrian
German is not a dialect, but a variant of German. In
everyday life, however, many Austrians speak a dialect
such as Alemannic or Bavarian. The Viennese dialect is
also part of Bavarian. One speaks Viennese in Vienna and
the surrounding area. Here, for example, people like to
add a -erl to a word. This can serve as a
miniaturization, but it can also be an expression of
In addition to Austrian, Croatian and Slovenian are
additional official languages in some regions. In some
municipalities in Burgenland, Hungarian is an official
language with equal rights.
Austrian German differs from the German spoken in
Germany. There are differences not only in
pronunciation, but especially in vocabulary and grammar.
When it comes to names, the surname is usually
mentioned first, followed by the first name and the
specific article. Mitzi Huber becomes "the Huber Mitzi"
and Franz Gruber becomes "the Gruber Franz".
Religions in Austria
60 percent of the population are Catholics. 3.5
percent belong to a Protestant church. The proportion of
members of both groups has been falling for years. 2.2
percent belong to an Orthodox Church. The number of its
members is increasing.
Among the non-Christian
churches, Islam occupies the largest position: almost
seven percent of the population are Muslim. Smaller
minorities are Jehovah's Witnesses, Buddhists and Jews.