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List of All Countries in Asia

Asia is the world's largest and most populous continent. Since the 18th century, the border between Europe and Asia has generally been considered to run through the Ural Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian Sea, the Caucasus, the Black Sea, the Bosphorus, the Marmara Sea and the Dardanelles. The border between Asia and Africa is normally considered to be the Suez Peninsula and the Red Sea. About 60% of the world's population lives in Asia, of which only about 2% live in the northern and inner parts, i.e. Siberia, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Xinjiang, Tibet, Qinghai, western Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan.

Area: 43 810 582 km²
Population: 3 900 000 000
States: 46
Countries: 49

As continents are defined by human geography, i.e. how the country is interpreted by humans, and not by geology, it can be difficult to determine whether Asia is a continent of its own or not. The idea that the ancient world has three continents dates back to antiquity, and the name Asia is derived from the ancient civilizations of the Middle East.

Map of Asia

Regions in Asia

The following subdivision of Asia into regions is used, for example, by the UN statistical agency UNSD:

In some publications, these limits are varied depending on the objective, subject, and background for which a split is used. Afghanistan was previously assigned to Central Asia, now to South Asia. There are also alternative or additional subdivisions or overlaps, for example for Northeast Asia.

Countries in the continent of Asia

Afghanistan South Asia
Armenia West Asia
Azerbaijan West Asia
Bahrain West Asia
Bangladesh South Asia
Bhutan South Asia
Brunei Southeast Asia
Cambodia Southeast Asia
China East Asia
Cyprus West Asia
East Timor Southeast Asia
Georgia West Asia
India South Asia
Indonesia Southeast Asia
Iran West Asia
Iraq West Asia
Israel West Asia
Japan East Asia
Jordan West Asia
Kazakhstan Central Asia
Kuwait West Asia
Kyrgyzstan Central Asia
Laos Southeast Asia
Lebanon West Asia
Malaysia Southeast Asia
Maldives South Asia
Mongolia East Asia
Myanmar Southeast Asia
Nepal South Asia
North Korea East Asia
Oman West Asia
Pakistan South Asia
Philippines Southeast Asia
Qatar West Asia
Saudi Arabia West Asia
Singapore Southeast Asia
South Korea East Asia
Sri Lanka South Asia
Syria West Asia
Tajikistan Central Asia
Thailand Southeast Asia
Turkey West Asia
Turkmenistan Central Asia
United Arab Emirates West Asia
Uzbekistan Central Asia
Vietnam Southeast Asia
Yemen West Asia


Around four billion people live in Asia, which corresponds to around 60% of the world's population. There are over a billion people each in India and China. While Russia and Mongolia in particular are very sparsely populated, other countries are struggling with the effects of their population explosion.

The residents of Macau, Singapore, Hong Kong and Japan have the highest average age among Asians. Life expectancy in Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Brunei, China, Malaysia, Thailand, the Philippines and Indonesia is roughly average worldwide. The shortest life expectancy in Asia is found in India, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Bhutan and Afghanistan.

Malaria is common in South Asia and Southeast Asia. There is still no effective vaccine against malaria.

AIDS is widespread. The HI virus is particularly common in Russia, India, Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam and Malaysia. In contrast, relatively few people in Japan, Mongolia, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and the Middle East have AIDS.


The breakdown into North Asia (Russia), West Asia (W), Central Asia (Z), South Asia (S), Southeast Asia (SO) and East Asia (O) results in the following picture:

  • After Africa, Asia has the most developing countries. These include Vietnam (SO), Cambodia (SO), Laos (SO), Myanmar (SO), Bangladesh (S), Bhutan (S), Nepal (S), Pakistan (S), Afghanistan (S), Tajikistan (Z), Uzbekistan (Z), Kyrgyzstan (Z), Georgia (W), Armenia (W), Azerbaijan (W), Republic of Yemen (W), Mongolia (O) and (still) the People's Republic of China (O) and India (S).
  • The countries "bought" into the industrial age include the oil-producing countries Iran (S), Iraq (W), Kuwait (W), Saudi Arabia (W) and the United Arab Emirates (W) (and perhaps soon the oil-rich areas of the former Soviet Union).
  • The industrialized nations are Japan (O), Singapore (SO), the Republic of China (Taiwan) (O), South Korea (O), Israel (W), and the two colonies Hong Kong and Macau that have been returned to the People's Republic of China (O). These countries are now among the world's leading countries in high technology. Even Malaysia (SO) is making successful efforts to catch up to the top.
  • The richest country in the world, Qatar (W), is in Asia. Copyright 2020 All Rights Reserved