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List of All Countries in Africa

Africa is a continent that mainly consists of the earth's second largest continent, both in terms of area and population, after Asia. Including the continent's islands, Africa measures 30,244,050 km², which corresponds to 20.3% of the earth's land mass or about 6% of the earth's total area. About 22 million km² of these are located in the tropics, making the African continent the world's warmest continent. In Africa, more than 900 million people live in 57 countries - one-seventh of the world's population. Its length in the north-south direction is about 8,000 km and its greatest width is about 7,800 km.

Area: 30,244,050 km
Population: 900 000 000
States: 52
Countries: 57

The following subdivision of Africa into regions is used, for example, by the UN statistical agency UNSD:

Map of Africa

Regions in Africa

Countries in Africa

Algeria North Africa
Angola Central Africa
Benin West Africa
Botswana Southern Africa
Burkina Faso West Africa
Burundi East Africa
Cameroon Central Africa
Cape Verde West Africa
Central African Republic Central Africa
Chad Central Africa
Comoros East Africa
D.R. Congo Central Africa
Republic of Congo Central Africa
Djibouti East Africa
Egypt North Africa
Equatorial Guinea Central Africa
Eritrea East Africa
Ethiopia East Africa
Gabon Central Africa
Gambia West Africa
Ghana West Africa
Guinea West Africa
Guinea-Bissau West Africa
Ivory Coast West Africa
Kenya East Africa
Lesotho Southern Africa
Liberia West Africa
Libya North Africa
Mozambique East Africa
Madagascar East Africa
Malawi East Africa
Mali West Africa
Mauritania West Africa
Mauritius East Africa
Morocco North Africa
Namibia Southern Africa
Niger West Africa
Nigeria West Africa
Rwanda East Africa
Sao Tome and Principe Central Africa
Senegal West Africa
Seychelles East Africa
Sierra Leone West Africa
Somalia East Africa
South Africa Southern Africa
South Sudan East Africa
Sudan North Africa
Swaziland Southern Africa
Tanzania East Africa
Togo West Africa
Tunisia North Africa
Uganda East Africa
Zambia East Africa
Zimbabwe East Africa

Economy

Large parts of the economy in central and southern Africa are oriented towards export (for example banana plantations, tropical woods, gold and diamond mines, cocoa plantations). In addition, there are larger industrial and smaller craft businesses in the cities that produce, among other things, for their own use. Subsistence farming is often the rule in the country, for example the cultivation of cassava and potato, fishing and animal husbandry. In addition, tourism is an important source of income in some areas.

In the states of North Africa, the extraction of oil and natural gas is the main source of income. There is also agriculture on the Nile and in some fertile areas. The Nile dams are used to generate electricity.

Export item

  • Cocoa: about 70% world market share
  • Diamonds: about 50% world market share
  • Gold: about 25% world market share
  • Petroleum: about 10% world market share

Infrastructure

The density of the road network is 6.84 km per 100 km2. The railway lines in Africa are only poorly networked, especially in West and Central Africa. The countries Burundi, Cape Verde, Comoros, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial Guinea, Libya, Mauritius, Niger, Central African Republic, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia and Chad have no rail network at all. Only three of the airports in Africa are counted among the 150 most important worldwide in terms of passenger volume. African ships are around 80% older than 15 years.

Agriculture

Most of the food production for the population is done through subsistence farming. As a rule, biodiversity is conserved or even promoted, as it occurs on a very small scale and there is no money for chemical fertilizers and pesticides. In contrast, industrial agriculture has been promoted by foreign corporations in recent years. They buy or lease large areas of land in order to either grow food for their own needs in their own country (especially in the Gulf States) with a high level of use of irrigation, mineral fertilizers and pesticides - or plants such as sugar cane or oil palms are grown to produce biofuel for Europe. This development is also known as land grabbing. [15] The heads of state in many African countries are quite interested in these foreign investments, as part of them also flows into the state coffers. The fact that the large fertile land areas are no longer available for the self-sufficiency of the population is not taken into account.

The following is a list of the land purchases and leases known at the beginning of 2010:

  • 600,000 hectares leased in Ethiopia, the Ethiopian government is looking for tenants for another 3 million hectares
  • 100,000 hectares leased by Libya in Mali
  • 400,000 acres leased by a New York mutual fund in Sudan
  • 8 million hectares leased by China in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • 10 million hectares were offered to large farmers in South Africa in the Republic of the Congo

For the further development of agriculture in Africa, an African Green Revolution is proposed on the one hand: with high-yielding varieties and high use of pesticides and fertilizers, foreign know-how and modern information and financial technology to minimize risk. The alternative to this, a green renaissance, “which takes up the know-how of the African farmers and combines it with new knowledge, seems wishful thinking.


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