People in Afghanistan
Afghanistan is a multi-ethnic state, as the
inhabitants are made up of different ethnic groups and
languages. Afghanistan has always been a transit country
for many people: Warriors, traders and later also
missionaries came. The Pashtuns make up the largest
proportion in Afghanistan, they are the largest
population group in the country. This is followed by the
Tajiks. At least 25 out of 100 residents are among them,
they speak Persian. Hesors and Uzbeks as well as other
minorities also live in Afghanistan. The Hesors also
speak Persian, but are largely Shiitesand are often
persecuted in Afghanistan. Different languages and
cultures were able to survive for a long time in the
inaccessible mountain regions of Afghanistan. There are
many other smaller groups that also live in Afghanistan.
Where do the people live in Afghanistan?
Afghanistan means something like "Land of Afghans".
The country has about 38 million inhabitants. Most of
the people live in the river oases on the edges of the
central mountain region, in cities called Herat,
Kandahar, Mazar-e Sharif or Kunduz. Many residents also
live in the basin landscape in the east of the country,
in the capital Kabul. This is where the population
density is highest. That means that most people live
there per square kilometer. People mainly go to these
places because there are areas for agriculture. Many
live from this agriculture. There are far fewer people
in the central highlands. In Afghanistan, most of the
people live in rural areas and only a small proportion
live in cities.
Languages in Afghanistan
Not only do many people of different origins live
together in Afghanistan, they also speak many languages.
A distinction is made between almost 50 languages and
more than 200 dialects. Persian and Pashto are the
official languages. Pashto is the language of the
Pashtuns and is spoken by many people in addition to
Persian. You can see the exact distribution on the map
Religions in Afghanistan
Most of the people in Afghanistan are Muslim, most
of them Sunnis and only a small number of them Shiites.
These people are Pashtuns and all
live in Afghanistan.
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