With the advance of pregnancy, emerging changes in the woman’s body, which often may not be pleasant. Get to know the main changes in the body of a pregnant woman.
The pregnancy is a special time and unique in the life of every woman and causes a variety of changes in the body. The main changes in the body of a pregnant woman are physiological, and have repercussions on the daily activities of the woman.
Changes to body emerge gradually, and are aimed at the correct development of the baby inside the womb.
WHAT ARE THE MAIN CHANGES IN THE BODY OF A PREGNANT WOMAN?
Often, the woman or suspect that she is pregnant until the delay of menstruation. During the first 2 to 3 weeks of pregnancy are the physical changes evident in the woman’s body.
However, the first signs of the body of a pregnancy start to appear from the 4th or 5th week of gestation:
- Sleep and fatigue;
- Nausea and vomiting;
- Increase in the volume and breast tenderness;
- Constipation and increased urinary frequency;
- Pelvic pain;
- Sensitivity to odors;
- Blood pressure decreased;
- Vaginal discharge;
After the 4th or 5th day of pregnancy produces a hormone, HCG, which is responsible for inhibiting the release of a new egg after fertilization.
1. THE INCREASE IN THE VOLUME OF UTERINE
During pregnancy, the uterus can increase volume quickly and return to normal a few weeks after the birth.
With the progress of pregnancy, this body becomes a hollow thin-walled and with the ability to support the baby, the placenta and the amniotic fluid. At the end of pregnancy may increase about 500 to 1000 times their size, may get to weigh 1100 grams.
2. VAGINAL DISCHARGE
To prevent the entry of microorganisms, which provoked infections, the body of the woman produces the swab the mucous. This kind of stopper that closes the entrance of the womb, is a thick mucus and whitish, produced by the glands of the vagina and the cervix.
3. INCREASE IN THE VOLUME AND BREAST TENDERNESS
One of the first symptoms of pregnancy is the emergence of tension and breast pain. From the second month of pregnancy, the breasts increase in volume, and the nipples become darker.
With the advance of pregnancy, to squeeze the nipple can be exteriorization of colostrum. This liquid has a thick consistency and yellowish color and will be the first “milk” of the baby.
4. INCREASE WEIGHT
During pregnancy, the woman becomes pregnant by an average of 12 to 13 kg, mainly in the second and third quarters.
This is due to the increase in the volume of the uterus and its contents, the increase of breast volume, increased blood volume, water retention, and increased fat reserves of women.
5. CHANGE OF BLOOD CIRCULATION
Fluid retention is a problem that can arise early on in the pregnancy. Happens because the increase in the volume and weight of the uterus impedes blood circulation of the lower limbs. It also contributes to the appearance of varicose veins.
There may also be appearance of hemorrhoids due to the increased blood pressure in the veins below the uterus and the constipation.
During pregnancy there is a large increase in the volume of blood of the woman. As the increase in the volume of blood is considerably higher than the increase in red blood cells, occurs the call hemodilution. This causes a decrease in the levels of hemoglobin and consequently the reserves of iron. Is the so-called anemia physiological of gravidez
7. DECREASE IN BLOOD PRESSURE
It is common that there is a decrease in blood pressure immediately from the first weeks of gestation. These low values of blood pressure normalize near the date of the end of the pregnancy.
8. FEELING OF LACK OF AIR
Since there are no other symptoms, the feeling of breathlessness is normal in pregnancy.
With the growth of the baby and a consequent increase in the volume of the uterus, the diaphragm and the lungs of a pregnant woman are being compressed and there is a decrease in the capacity expansion of the rib cage.
9. INCREASED URINARY FREQUENCY
As the volume of the uterus increases, this will causing the compression on the bladder, causing the woman to have the need to urinate more often.
Pregnant women also have a higher propensity for urinary infections, since the anatomy of your kidneys and ureters are changed in pregnancy, making the flow of urine is slower.
10. BAD-TO BE GENERAL
The symptoms that most famous of pregnancy are nausea and vomiting, which occur due to sudden hormonal changes.
Another problem is the feeling of very. This occurs because the food remain longer in the stomach, causing digestion to be slower.
In addition to this, the gums have a tendency to increase volume and to bleed more easily.
11. SKIN CHANGES
During pregnancy may arise from dark spots on the face of the woman, which happens due to a change in the hormone responsible for skin pigmentation. In addition, it is also common for the appearance of a vertical line on your abdomen called linea nigra.
There may also be appearance of stretch marks in the area of the thighs, buttocks, belly and breasts.
12. LOW BACK PAIN
Due to the increased volume of the uterus during pregnancy, a change occurs in the curvature of the column. This fact, together with the decrease of the stiffness of the joints of the bones of the pelvis, causes change in posture, gait and resulting back pain.